The Meteora-Pyli Geopark area is characterized by forested mountains and hills with impressive rocky formations and monasteries built on their peaks. It is covered by extensive broadleaved deciduous forests (mainly oak forests), shrubland, extensive cultivations, grasslands, and riparian forests in the valleys, forming a unique mosaic of ecosystems.

This site is one of the most important areas for raptors in Greece. A main characteristic of the area is the continued practice of extensive livestock breeding and low-intensity primary sector activities. Some of the most characteristic species of the fauna of Meteora Pyli – Geopark are the Brown bear (Ursus arctos), the Grey Wolf (Canis Lupus), the Alpine chamois (Rupricapra rupricapra), the Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra), the Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus). All these wild animals live free in the mountain areas of Meteora Pyli Geopark and are strictly protected by law.

More than 700 plant species, such as Lilium chalcedonicum, Lilium candidum, etc., grow in the different habitats of the Geopark. The composition and distribution of plant species are influenced by climate, geomorphology, and geology. Various alpine plants and herbs, such as salep, wild mint, tea, oregano, crocuses, narcissi, and many other plant species, flourish in the clearings between the forests and the alpine fields. These plants emit a mixture of characteristic scents of the mountainous areas. Among the rare, endemic, or endangered species there are some, such as Seseli parnassicum, Allium parnassicum, Sesleria vaginalis, Allium phthioticum, Barbarea sicula, etc., which are difficult to find, as they either grow in locations which are either difficult to reach or their flowering period is very short.


A journey through space, time, and geology